COMBUSTION AND SOLID FUELS

Straw, Chips and Other

It appears that Element Saver, hereinafter referred to as the ES system, can be used to achieve better burning / burning of straw, wood chips, wood pellets and other organic material.

Based on practical experience, we know that with the EC system, more complete combustion can be achieved and hence cleaner smoke and soot-free furnace and slag. In addition, the smoke does not appear to contain NOx, and if so, to a much lesser extent.

We believe this is due to several different factors.

Chips

Chips made from relatively fresh wood may tend to survive by accumulating appropriate plant hormones into the strategic growth sites in the roots and leaves, while protecting the energy reserves in the tissue through the substances that slow the digestion later used for creating roots and leaves. All in all, chips have a number of protective properties that prevent combustion.

Treating wood chips with EC aid in an attachment or presumption improved its combustion.

Straw

Although it may seem that straw is burning well, its structure of cellulose, lignin and various salts has some flame retardant properties.

Several hours of straw EC treatment before ignition leads to a more complete burn.

The combustion energy calculation is:

The energy yield corresponds to the sum of the internal bonds in the substances that are part of the combustion (methane and oxygen) minus the sum of the internal bonds in the combustion products (water and carbon dioxide).

Ie: Sum of broken links minus sum of created links = energy yield of the process.

If the result is negative, this indicates that heat was produced during the process.

As soon as the EC treatment releases internal bonds in oxygen in the form of O2 and releases bonds in the fuel to this extent, better energy recovery is observed.

COMBUSTION ENGINES

The EC system can be used in two obvious cases:

We have a really good experience in treating the intake air with ES. Usually, fuel consumption is reduced by 14-21%, but results are not clear.

We must admit that this area is somewhat complicated. In fuel treatment, we observed significant savings in diesel consumption. First, EC treatment appears to have a negative effect on the fuel (diesel) ignitability or on the Cetane number. Up to 20% less power consumption.

This is probably related to the antioxidant effect of the EC, where we believe it could affect the ignitability of both diesel and petrol (not the calorific value).

Fuel

In the case of EC diesel treatment, it is necessary to set the engine fuel system to reduced ignition (by adjusting the fuel injection timing or, in the case of petrol, ignition).

Engine intake

The air intake to the engine should be treated with EC to ensure the best use of oxygen in combustion and clean and more complete use of fuel.

Sufficient oxygen will provide delayed ignition and much cleaner flue gases.

If the treatment is done correctly, fuel consumption should decrease by at least 14% at the same energy input.